Heavy hinged blocks are engineered to be stable in the propeller flow and to drop as the bed scours. This prevents underscour of the mattress
Concrete mattress can deal with minimal vessel clearance & high propulsion velocity. The concrete slab is sealed against the quay wall and is protected at
Quay structures can be reduced by design using thinner scour protection. The performance of thinner protections as ‘Sealed’ or ‘Open’ to flow entry is described.
The increase in vessel size and vessel types along with new propulsion systems has created an increase in the scour action to berth beds. Traditionally,
Vehicle carrying Fast Ferries have often caused significant erosion and damage to berths since their introduction in 1990. During berthing, the high speed propulsion jets
Geosynthetic concrete mattress systems are regularly used underwater to provide reliable in situ concrete protection. As vessel sizes and propulsion types advance, bed scour velocities
This paper considers scour protection and construction methods for open piled quays. The Land Infill construction method for piled wharves will be outlined, which can